Loan Recovery Policy
Policy on Collection of dues from defaulting borrowers
and security repossession for realisation of dues.
The debt collection policy (recovery policy) of the bank is built around dignity and respect to customers. The Bank will not follow policies that are unduly coercive in recovery of dues from borrowers. The policy is built on courtesy, fair treatment and persuasion. The bank believes in following fair practices with regard to recovery of dues from borrowers and taking possession of security (properties / assets charged to the bank as primary or collateral security) (known as security repossession) and thereby fostering customer confidence and long term relationship.
The repayment schedule for any loan sanctioned by the Bank will be fixed taking into account the repaying capacity and cash flow pattern of the borrower. The bank will explain to the customer upfront the method of calculation of interest and how the Equated Monthly Installments (EMI) or payments through any other mode of repayment will be appropriated against interest and principal due from the customers. The bank would expect the customers to adhere to the repayment schedule agreed to and approach the Bank for assistance and guidance in case of genuine difficulty in meeting repayment obligations.
The Bank's Security Repossession Policy (taking possession of the mortgaged properties under SRESI Act or acquiring the property as non banking asset through enforcement of decree) aims at recovery of dues in the event of default and is not aimed at whimsical deprivation of the property. The policy recognizes fairness and transparency in repossession, valuation and realization of security. All the practices adopted by the bank for follow up and recovery of dues and repossession of security will be in consonance with the law.
2. General Guidelines:
All the members of the staff or any person authorized to represent our Bank in collection and / or security repossession would follow the guidelines set out below:
The customer would be contacted ordinarily at the place of his / her choice and in the absence of any specified place, at the place of his / her residence and if unavailable at his / her residence, at the place of business / occupation.
Identity and authority of persons authorized to represent the Bank for follow up and recovery of dues would be made known to the borrowers at the first instance. The bank staff or any person authorized to represent the bank in collection of dues or / and security repossession will identify himself / herself and display the authority letter issued by the bank upon request.
The bank would respect privacy of its borrowers.
The bank is committed to ensure that all written and verbal communication with its borrowers will be in simple business language and the bank will adopt civil manners for interaction with borrowers.
Normally the bank's representatives will contact the borrower between 0700 hrs and 1900 hrs, unless circumstances warrant visiting the borrower at odd hours and occasions. Such circumstances would include continuous irregularity in the accounts.
Borrower's requests to avoid calls at a particular time or at a particular place would be honored as far as possible.
The bank will document the efforts made for the recovery of dues and the copies of communication, if any, sent to the customers will be kept on record.
All assistance will be given to resolve disputes or differences regarding dues in a mutually acceptable and in an orderly manner.
Inappropriate occasions such as bereavement in the family or such other calamitous occasions will be avoided for making calls / visits to collect dues.
3. Giving notice to borrowers:
While written communication, telephonic reminders or visits by the bank's representatives to the borrowers' place or residence will be used as loan follow up measures, the bank will not initiate any legal or other recovery measures including repossession of the security without giving due notice in writing. The Bank will follow all such procedures as required under law for recovery / repossession of security.
4. Repossession of Security:
Repossession of security is aimed at recovery of dues and not to deprive the borrower of the property. The recovery process through repossession of security will involve repossession, valuation of security and realization of security through appropriate means. All these would be carried out in a fair and transparent manner. Repossession will be done only after issuing the notice as detailed above. Due process of law will be followed while taking repossession of the property. The bank will take all reasonable care for ensuring the safety and security of the property after taking custody, in the ordinary course of the business.
5. Valuation and Sale of Property:
Valuation and sale of property repossessed by the bank will be carried out as per law and in a fair and transparent manner. The bank will have right to recover from the borrower the balance due, if any, after sale of property. Excess amount, if any, obtained on sale of property will be returned to the borrower after meeting all the related expenses provided the bank is not having any other claims against the borrower.
6. Opportunity for the borrower to take back the security:
As indicated earlier in the policy document, the bank will resort to repossession of security only for the purpose of realization of its dues as the last resort and not with intention of depriving the borrower of the property. Accordingly, the bank will be willing to consider handing over possession of property to the borrower any time after repossession but before concluding sale transaction of the property, provided the bank dues are paid in full. If satisfied with the genuineness of borrower's inability to pay the loan installments as per the schedule which resulted in the repossession of security, the bank may consider handing over the property after receiving the installments in arrears. However, this would be subject to the bank being convinced of the arrangements made by the borrower to ensure timely repayment of remaining installments in future.